“Annoying ways people use sources” Reflection:

While reading “Annoying ways people use sources” by Kyle D. Stedman I found out that I really don’t know much about citing sources as much as I thought. Sources to me were never important but after reading the essay I found out sources help tremendously.  I never really thought about where to put my sources, how to introduce my source, or how to explain my quote.

In the essay he talked about how some writers put there sources in a not very good spot, he called this ” Dating Spider-man”. Stedman use this example of spider-man to compare to writers dropping a quote in the start or the end of a paragraph. “It’s like dating Spider-Man. You’re walking along with him and he says something remarkably interesting—but then he tilts his head,hearing something far away, and suddenly shoots a web onto the nearest building and zooms away through the air”(246).  Just like spider-man said something interesting and left it’s the same things that writers tend to do. It’s important that you don’t start a paragraph or end a paragraph with a quote. If you start or end a paragraph with a quote you wouldn’t be able to talk enough about your quote which will leave your readers confused.

Another thing that stood out to me in Stedman’s essay was what he called “The Annoyance”. This is when a writer poorly introduces their quote.  Just like many of new writers I tend to do this a lot. If you drop a quote without introducing it first it will make your writing look choppy and your audience will be surprised that’s not in a good way. Stedman used a armadillo roadkill to help explain his topic “Everyone in the car hears it: buh-BUMP. The driver insists to the passengers, “But that armadillo—I didn’t see it! It just came out of nowhere!”(244). The armadillo didn’t signal the drivers that he was gonna cross the street which lead to the armadillo getting hit. Although dropping a quote wont kill you it will leave your readers wondering where your quote came from. By signaling your readers that a quote is coming, stating where the quote came from, and showing how your reader should interpret it.

The last thing that the author talked about was how you should explain your quote. This is what he calls “Uncle Barry”. Uncle Barry is that one uncle that most people have that just talks and talks about how much they know without going into depth. Some writers start being like Uncle Barry when there to worried about having a lot of sources in there writing. Even though its good to have sources in your writing to back up your information you don’t want to over do it. Instead of always citing a source maybe summarize it or paraphrasing the quote. By doing this you’ll be able to explain more about the quotes you choose to use and it wont just sound like your just spitting out facts.

In conclusion by knowing where to put your sources, how to introduce your sources, and how to explain your sources you’ll be able to cite your sources correctly. Not only will you look like a better writer but you wont surprise or upset your audience.



“Annoying ways people use sources” Notes:

Summary: Throughout the essay Stedman talks about different ways people contribute their sources in the wrong way. He uses clever ways for you to remember the different annoying ways people use sources. In the beginning she talks about “The Annoyances” which is when a writer poorly introduces their quotation. Another wrong way people use sources is called “Dating spider-man” which is when people use a quote at the start of a paragraph or the end. By doing this your either having too much time to explain the quote or not enough time. Towards the end he talks about writers dropping in a citation without making it clear what info came from that source. He goes more in-depth about it and talks about how the quote need to connect to what your writing about or you’ll just confuse your readers.

Comment:I think the author did a really good job explaining the different ways writers incorrectly use there sources. What really helped me understand the author were how he used funny slogans for each topic. It helped you remember the annoying way people use sources. The text wasn’t that confusing which I like a lot because I don’t find myself asking what am I even reading about while trying to understand the text. He used good examples also which is a good thing for an author to do so that the readers can actually see what you’re talking about and get a better understanding.

connection: While reading the essay I found that I do some of the things the author explain is the wrong way to cite a source. When he talked about how you shouldn’t start or end a quote with a paragraph I was confused. I was always taught in high school to start your paper of with a quote which I found out is not what your suppose to do.  Another thing the author mentions is when writers poorly introduce a quote. I tend to do that a lot because I have a difficult time figuring out what to say. I can explain my quote afterwards very well but I don’t know what to say in the beginning which can make my writing look choppy and confusing. The last thing I was able to connect with is when the author talked about a work cited page not be alphabetical and how it makes it hard for readers to find any of your sources. I never did my work cited page in alphabetical order and I’ve never had anyone tell me to do so which is crazy.

“Reading like a writer”

Before actually getting into an essay titled “How to read like a writer” by Mike Bunn I was confused on if the title was written correctly. I didn’t know that there were certain ways to read or thing you can do while reading to better your understanding. I use to believe that there were people who could read perfectly and there were people who didn’t know all the words that they was reading. After reading this essay I found out there is much more to it then reading fluently. When people usually read there reading for information but, have you ever looked at the genre,technique, and choices the author used?

Genre is a very import concept to look at before you start to get into a book. Mike Bunn explains that when your reading a certain genre you’re looking for specific things. For example when you read a fiction or a creative non-fiction book you look for dialogs and character sketches within narrations. If you were reading a more science fiction book you would look for facts and sources. Before reading a book look at the Genre so you know what your looking for.

Make sure you pay attention to what type of technique the author used so that you can reflect off of it. Ask yourself if it was the best choice to use that technique or if the author should’ve used a different technique. You should also ask yourself if you should use that technique in your writing. By finding the technique the author used and asking questions you are able to get more answers out of the article.

The last thing to look for is choices the author used in his/her article. “… – choices as large as the overall structure or as small as a single word used only once to consider the effect of those choices on potential readers” (Bunn 72). By looking at the choices the author used and criticizing it you are ale to see what type of choices you would like in your writing.

In conclusion by looking at the genre, technique, and choices the author used your are able to get a better understanding from the text. You’ll also be able to read more like a writer and be able to get an idea of what you may or may not want in your own writing.



RLW & Island Notes:

Summary: In the beginning of “How to Read Like a Writer” by Mike Bunn he talked about the difference between reading like a writer and just reading in general. He talks about things you should look at while reading and to always question the text while reading. He then goes on and talks about why its a good idea to read like a writer and the advantages of it. He talks about thing to look out for while reading such as genre,technique the writer is using, and the choices the author uses. Towards the end he gives you different techniques to use like writing while reading and what reading like a writer should look like. Throughout the whole book he talks about referring what you see while reading to your own writing. By looking at other author pieces you should also be thinking of how that authors technique or genre would work with your piece or how the author could’ve made his piece better.

  • Key Terms:

Permeated: Spread throughout something

Gaelic: Elating to the Goidelic languages, particularly the Celtic language of Scotland, and the culture associated with speakers of these languages and their descendants.

Luxuriant: Rich and per fuse of growth

Testimonial: A formal statement testifying to someone’s character and qualifications

Brambles: A prickly scrambling vine or shrub

Commentary: While trying to read “…and by islands I mean paragraphs” I found the set up very interesting and challenging. A lot of the times I was confused on which island to go to next but I think that was the whole idea of the piece. I think the author wanted you to think outside the box. For a long time I was trying to connect the islands but I couldn’t find anything. Maybe there not connected what if each island has it owns story? By reading Carpenter piece I was challenged and forced to look at the piece at different perspectives which I found very intriguing.



The Selfie Post:


Since middle school I had a social media account, which probably wasn’t the best idea. Even though I passed the age limit to have an account on Facebook I still don’t feel like I was responsible enough. If you look far enough on my Facebook you’ll see a lot of collages of me and my friends and cringy photos. You could tell that I was excited to share to the word all my ridiculous photos and so was everyone else. By using 3 different photos of myself I’m going to talk about photo filters, poses, and how we represent ourselves through photos.

As I got older snap chat became the new popular thing and so did filters. In chapter 2 of “Seeing ourselves through technology” she said  “Instagram-style filters may make our selfies and photos of our everyday life seem unfamiliar, but the filter itself is repeated so often that the demilitarization effect wears off” (Rettberg 26). For example on snap chat they have these cute animal filters that you can be on yourself which seems funny. But now everyone uses them and no one really sees it as unordinary anymore. Just like Rettberg said in her post, animal filters are so popular that the familiarization effects wore off.

In my second photo you may not see something stand out, but there is and im not talking about the filter on it either. ” We see ourselves and our surroundings as if we are outside of ourselves, through a retro filter or in the same poses and layouts as we see fashion models or homes in magazine spreads” (Rettberg 27). Now that pose isn’t a “model” pose but its a very popular pose that Ive been seeing all over social media. If you go on Instagram and look at a teenage girl picture with a friend I can bet that there posing like my second picture. My friend and I posed liked this because we’ve seen it so often that it was effortless to pose like this without thinking about it.

“We think not only how to present ourselves to others, but also log or record moments of our lives for ourselves to remember them in the future” (Rettberg 20). This quote connects to my last photo and most of the photos I take that are not selfies. In my last picture I was getting ready for my first prom, I wanted to have a memory of this day but I also took the picture because I wanted to share it with other as well. Some people might not be able to relate to her quote, because most people wont save a memorable picture if they don’t look good in the picture. People have become so immune to taking pictures to impress people then just taking a picture for memorable purpose.

In conclusion Rettberg had a lot of eye opening facts that we as a generation fail to see anymore. We worry to much about how everyone else will perceive us so we hide under all this filters hoping that no one will be able to look through it. Filters are sometimes a good thing to use but is it always necessary?



Chapter 3 Notes:

Summary: When I was reading chapter 3 of “Seeing ourselves through technology” she first talks about how we post images of how we would like to be represented. We take tons of selfies all with different looks just so we could find the perfect picture that could represent who we want to be. She then talks about time-lapse selfies and how everyone started to do it after one video got popular. That is represented today on how people take photos and how everyone usually does the same thing. The last thing she talked about was profile pictures and your identity. When most people think of profile pictures they think of a picture of themselves but it’s not always the case. She talks about how a profile picture isn’t a picture of you its a picture of what you represent.

Key Terms:

  • Vernacular Culture: Is the cultural forms made and organized by ordinary, often indigenous people, as distinct from the high culture of an elite
  • Aesthetics: A set of principles concerned with the nature and appreciation of beauty
  • Ephemerality: Lasting only one day
  • Akin: Of similar character
  • Listservs: An application that distributes messages to subscribers on an electronic mailing list

Connect: When the author was talking about how we use profile pictures to represent ourselves it reminded me of how in my profile pictures It’s usually just myself and its more of a professional picture nothing silly or outgoing. My profile picture is a pretty ordinary profile picture. Reading about profile pictures and what they represent helped me see how im trying to represent myself.

Filtered Reality Ch.2 Reflection:

img_0774After reading a chapter called “Filtered Reality” by Jill Walker Rettberg I learned about different types of filters that we have today that we don’t really notice. When we think of filters we think of Instagram or Snapchat but have you ever thought of technological filters or cultural filters? Jill Rettberg gave an example on baby books on how they give you questions to fill out, which allows us to express ourselves in certain ways but not in others. Filters limit you in many ways but they can also “flavor” you. Just think every time you’re at a job or with your friends you filter yourself, you act a different way you filter yourself. In the chapter she called that cultural filter which is the rules and conventions that guide us, filter out possible modes, and expressions. The most familiar one is visual filter which is adding a filter to a picture to block out impurities . A lot of people see this as a good thing and adding filters to pictures is starting to be the new normal.  But it’s hurting everyone’s self-esteem without anyone really noticing. Now everyone wants to look like how they look like with a filter which is impossible. People don’t seem to see that now, nowadays I only see pictures with filters on them. People need to start seeing these filters they put on themselves and ask themselves is really helping me as much as I think?

Filter Reality Ch.2 Notes:

Key Terms:

  • Algorithmic Culture: The use of computational processes to sort, classify, and hierarchies people, places, objects, and ideas
  • Neo-liberal: Relating to a modified form of liberalism tending to favor free-market capitalism
  • Cultural Phenomena: The bandwagon effect, occurs when certain individuals behave a certain way merely because other individuals do as well
  • Qualms: An uneasy feeling of doubt, worry, or fear, especially about one’s own conduct; a misgiving.
  • Episodic Narration: A story that is told through a series of episodes, or segments

Summary: In the chapter the author talks about filters but not just image filters. She also talks about technological filters and cultural filters. She talks about how visual filters are good but we tend to take it for advantage. She also talks about how filters limit us for example technological filters. In the chapter she gives an example of a baby book, theirs questions for you to fill out which we think are the necessitates of having memorable moments of your baby. But it’s actually limiting us, we think that if there isn’t a spot for it in the baby book that it doesn’t need to be remembered. She also talks about how filters cant represent our lives. Towards the end she talks about cultural filters which are when we filter ourselves when talking to certain people which is usually a good thing but that means that no one really knows who your are if your constantly filtering yourself.

Commentary: I think the author did a good job about explaining different filters. When I use to think of filters I would think of Instagram and snap chat. Now I understand that there are different types of filters that we use on a daily basis that we don’t know about. Now I’m more aware of how I filter myself.


The Folklore we create:

For the first time I had to look at my social media and look at it from a different point of view. I had to pretend to be someone from the future who had to guess who I was with only pictures and statuses. The first things that came to mind was that I was athletic,outgoing, smart/successful, perfect life,perfect relationship, and was friends with everyone. Although some of this is true, most of this is overemphasize. As long as I could remember I was told to show and say what people would want to hear. I used this method to hide all my imperfections, to hide everything that people would use against me. After my freshman year in high school I decided to change my whole identity, it wasn’t as hard as I thought since I had the help of social media. Through social media I was able to prove to everyone that I was now smart and smart When really im just book smart and I have to try ten times as much as everyone else so that I don’t look stupid. I’ve never been “the smart kid” in class that knew the answer to everything, that could remember everything. I study for hours to remember something and when we finish the lesson I would forget everything. Its like I’m copper and everything I learn is a magnet, we don’t connect. I can read a passage over and over again and still not understand anything I just read. If someone was to look at my social media they would probably think I’m friends with everyone. That’s another thing I emphasize on social media, I have a lot of associates but I don’t have a best friend or friends that I can go to on my time of need. When I was younger I always had friends but as I got older a lot of my friends decided to go down a different path, which means that I don’t really have a friend that I “grew up with”. I’m always told I’m a good friend but I guess I’m more of an introverted person. Its like I want to have close friends but with my busy schedule it just makes it difficult to have fun. Another thing that you’ll see on my social media is pictures of me and my boyfriend. We’ve been on and off for 5 years now and I post on social media all the cute photos of us and gifts I’ve gotten from him. But our relationship isn’t all butterflies and rainbows. We’ve been through a lot especially when we were younger and was just learning this whole relationship thing. We would breakup with each other than go be with other people and it would be all over social media. Now I make sure to post all the happy things but most people do that too. Some people like to post all the negatives going on in their relationship but a lot more people post happy things only because it’s no ones business.